voiceover bacterial vaginosis is a disease that’s caused by the overgrowth of a type of bacteria that’s called Gardnerella vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis. And as the name might suggest,.
This is the most common vaginal infection. Now I wanna put these really big quotes around the term infection because the thing that’s interesting about Gardnerella vaginalis is that it’s a bacteria that’s naturally found.
In the vagina. Now some may consider this to be a sexually transmitted infection, which is interesting because it doesn’t cause any problems until there’s too much of it there. So when we look to the causes.
Of bacterial vaginosis, they are all things that change the vaginal environment. That can include acts like douching, so douching, or rinsing of the vagina. The other is having new or multiple sex partners.
And finally, another known cause is the use of antibiotics. This could be in the case of somebody that has a throat infection or a pneumonia that’s on antibiotics which will then attack the bacteria that exists.
Within the vagina and allow gardnerella vaginalis to overgrow and cause bacterial vaginosis. So we’ve touched a little bit on it here, but I wanna draw it out. So when we talk about the pathophysiology of a disease, we’re talking about the mechanism.
By which that disease occurs. So in order to understand the pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis, we need to take a look at a sample of bacteria that exists in the vagina. So I’ll draw out some Gardnerella vaginalis bacteria,.
And so i’ll put this up in our key. This is the symbol for Gardnerella vaginalis. And I’ll draw a few of them around here, but I also wanna show that there are a lot of other bacteria that exist in this sample. So if you really look at it here,.